Vandana Shiva. Quantum physicist and economist, directs the Center for Science, Technology and Natural Resource Policy in Dehra Dun in India. It is considered the best-known theory of a new science: the social ecology. Vandana Shiva was born in 1952 in Dehra Dun in northern India, from a liberal family. He studied English and American universities majoring in physics. Back home after finishing his studies, he was traumatized by reviewing the Himalayas: he had left a mountain of water with green and rich people happy, then he came the so-called “help” with the World Bank’s project of building a large damand that part of the Himalayas had become a tangle of streets and slums, poverty, dust and smog, with people not only materially impoverished. He decided to abandon the nuclear physics and ecology focus. In 1982 he founded the Center in his hometown for Science, Technology and Natural Resource Policy, an independent research institute that addresses the most significant problems of social ecology of our times, in close collaboration with local communities and social movements. Vandana Shiva is part of the extensive movement of women in Asia, Africa and Latin America criticized the policies of development assistance implemented by international organizations and indicate new avenues for economic growth, respectful of the culture of local communities, claiming the value of models life different from the market economy. The meeting with the women’s movement “Cipko”, covering the trunks that are cutters to break down in the forests of the Himalayas, Vandana Shiva has allowed to expand the understanding of links between ecology and femminismo.Nel his book Staying Alive: Women, Ecology and Survival, published in Italy in 1990 with titoloSopravvivere development, the scientist denounces the disastrous consequences that the so-called “development” has resulted in the Third World.Development, or rather the “malsviluppo”, as defined by the scientist, instead of responding to basic needs threatens the very survival of the planet and its residents. The consequences of “development” are the massive environmental destruction, a huge debt that pushes countries to adopt structural adjustment programs based on choosing to spend less on public health, education and livelihood, making people more so povera.Si verify the destruction of other cultures and ways of life to make room for competitive cultures whose degree of civilization is given only by the market. The greatest damage produced by industrial civilization, according to Vandana, the equation has been woman-nature and definition of both as a passive, inert material to manipulate.According to him instead, “women are the custodians of the original knowledge, derived from centuries of familiarity with the land, a knowledge that modern science Bacon and male condemned to death.” For the Western patriarchal culture is just by nature, so men and women have created a development “free of the feminine principle, conservation, ecological,” and founded “on the exploitation of women and nature.” In 1991, Vandana Shiva founded Navdanya , a movement to protect the diversity and integrity of living resources, especially native seeds (native seeds) in danger of extinction due to the spread of industrial crops.In the vision of Vandana Shiva, the female reproduction and the reproduction farm are two vital processes that have the same ability to evade and resist commoditization. The ability of women to conceive and the ability of the seeds of self-generating processes are both natural free, where the law of the market was forced to stop. But as women have slowly been expropriated through the science of Western men and their body of knowledge on their body, so the farmers are being dispossessed of their knowledge semi.Nel developed world, the first step in the direction of the expropriation was just what to introduce sterile plants built in the laboratory through biotechnology to increase productivity and, in theory, to limit the use of pesticides. In fact, this loss of biological diversity means that crops are much more vulnerable to attacks by pests and especially forcing farmers to buy back the seeds for each planting. What’s more, the multinational agro-chemical take possession of the seeds selected from the work of Third World farmers thousands of years, to analyze them and record them with a real patent, for them again in the lab and sell them at a high price or require the farmers of those countries themselves to pay the “copyright” of seeds, at the time of sowing.Even for reporting this Vandana Shiva was rewarded in 1993 with the “Right Livelihood Award”, considered the Nobel Prize the same year he wrote alternativo.Nello Monocultures of the Perspectives on Biodiversity and Biotechnology, published in Italy under the title Monocultures of the mind. Biodiversity, biotechnology and agricultural science, a collection of five essays that reflect on the causes of the disappearance of diversity and the challenges to be overcome to counter it. In this work, the scientist says that the diversity of living nature is an alternative to monoculture, uniformity and homogeneity, and corresponds to the diversity of cultures as a vital source of wealth. In the essays on biodiversity and biotechnology written as working documents for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Vandana Shiva denounced the interests behind biotechnology, dispute that they can improve the natural species and highlights the ethical and environmental pose.In 1995 he co-authored with economist libroEcofeminism the German Maria Meis, proving once again that women from different cultures can understand each other and work together. In 1999 he published Biopiracy. The plunder of nature and of local knowledge. And ‘the text of the 2001 Mad Cows and Sacred Cows. The theft of the global food reserves.Vandana Shiva is currently considered the most significant theoretical and social ecology is one of the leaders of the International Forum on Globalization.